Know the purpose of your photo before you start taking the shots. There are some subjects that lend themselves to vertical shots and some that are better horizontally shot. After you take the picture, you can always edit it to look the opposite way, but it saves you hours of editing time by simply getting it right on the very first try.
Once you have found the picture you want to take, do not move and hold your breath. Movement will cause your photo to be blurred. Before you take that amazing picture, take care that you are neither breathing nor moving. When learning photography, at some point you will need to have some kind of professional instruction. Self-teaching can only get you so far. If you are not taking a class on photography, try getting involved in the photography community. Talk to and ask professionals for advice; after all there are no better teachers in the field than actual photographers. Take photographs quickly! If you hesitate, you may miss the moment you are trying to capture because of your subject moving. So therefore, the faster you are when you are taking your photos, the better off you will be.
Use the natural light that shines through a window to light your photos. This light is soft and diffused after it passes through the window pane and will create a beautiful light on your subject. Place your subject directly in the light of the window and you will be quite pleased with the results. Vary your lighting when taking several pictures. It is harder to do in natural light, but you should adjust light levels when possible to see the different effects light will have on your picture composition. Keep the lighting comfortable to your subjects, and in line with your chosen color schemes.
Create narrative with your photographs. They need to be able to express and tell a story to the viewer. This can be entirely dependent on what you decide to shoot, but do your best to express a story behind whatever it is. You need to especially make sure that this happens when you have people as subjects. Understanding that less is often more is a great composition tip that you should implement in your photos. Avoid cluttering the composition of your shots with unnecessary elements. Keeping things simple in your photos is what catches your viewer’s attention, simplicity often creates a big punch!
Pay careful attention to backgrounds when composing your photographs. Jumbled, messy rooms can ruin an image and prevent your subject from standing out. Also, even the smallest item within range of the snapshot can be a distraction, taking away from the central focus. Always make a quick scan of the room or landscape, then remove items that will detract from an otherwise perfect shot. In order to produce the best and clearest photographs, you should use a tripod. A tripod allows you to stabilize the camera, so that your photos are in better focus. This is especially important if you are using a high-zoom lens or shooting at night, since small changes in the camera’s position will result in major blurring. Composition is an important factor that every beginning photographer should consider and educate themselves on. Like some other artistic ventures, if you do not have good composition, it is not good! Learn composition rules and apply what you’ve learned every time you take a photograph to improve your overall photography skills.
If you are photographing couples or groups, help them to get better photographs by advising them on their outfits in advance. It is not necessary to match colors, but you should pick shades that look good together. Suggest neutral shades or warm colors, as they will blend with natural environments. If bright colors are preferred, consider balancing them with articles of black clothing as well, to avoid a barrage of colors that clash with each other. Do not use the flash on a camera unless you are in a darker location. Using a flash outdoors in a location that already has a lot of light will just make your picture come out too bright. Some cameras have an automatic flash setting so that your camera knows when the flash is needed. If you set your digital camera to the lowest setting, you will be able to fit more images on your memory card, though you will also be sacrificing the quality of the pictures. Lower settings are only appropriately used for images that are displayed on the computer.